New Legislation Boosts Energy Tax Credits for Homeowners

The recently enacted Inflation Reduction Act brings forth significant enhancements and extensions to tax credits aimed at promoting energy efficiency in homes. Here’s an overview of the key provisions:

1. Solar Panels and More

Homeowners can now enjoy a substantial 30% tax credit for installing solar panels, effective retroactively from 2022. Additionally, credits are available for energy-efficient windows, doors, insulation, and even home electric vehicle chargers, with a unique focus on low-income or rural areas.

2. Energy Efficient Home Improvement Credit

The legislation introduces the Energy Efficient Home Improvement Credit, expanding on the previous Non-Business Energy Property Credit. Starting in 2023, the outdated $500 lifetime cap is replaced with a $1,200 overall annual cap, allowing homeowners to accumulate credits for various improvements annually until 2032.

3. Eligible Improvements

Qualified energy-efficient improvements include windows, skylights, doors, and insulation meeting specific criteria. Residential energy property enhancements, such as heat pumps, water heaters, and air conditioners, also qualify. Home energy audits conducted by certified professionals are eligible for the credit.

4. Annual Caps

While there’s a $1,200 annual cap for most improvements, specific categories have their own annual limits. For instance, residential energy property has a $600 cap, windows and skylights are capped at $600, and doors have limits of $250 (single exterior door) and $500 (all exterior doors). Heat pumps, biomass stoves, and boilers have a separate $2,000 annual cap.

5. Residential Clean Energy Credit

Formerly known as the Residential Energy Efficient Property Credit, this credit has been rebranded as the Residential Clean Energy Credit. It now extends through 2034, offering varying percentages based on the year of eligible property placement. There are no annual or lifetime caps, making it an attractive option for homeowners investing in solar panels, solar water heaters, geothermal heat pumps, and more.

6. Home Electric Vehicle Charger Credit

The legislation extends the tax credit for home electric vehicle chargers through 2032, with a 30% non-refundable credit, capped at $1,000 per charger. However, starting in 2023, this credit is limited to homeowners in low-income or rural areas.


The Inflation Reduction Act provides homeowners with lucrative opportunities to invest in energy-efficient upgrades. With expanded and extended tax credits, individuals can strategically plan improvements to maximize annual benefits. It’s essential to stay informed about the geographic restrictions on the electric vehicle charger credit and take advantage of available incentives before they expire.

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